Story of Pistachio

Story of Pistachio

Story of Pistachio

   The pistachio , a member of the cashew family, is a small tree originating from Central Asia and the Middle East. It grows from the peanut tree, it is oily and thin-shelled. It is used in the food industry.

 Pistachios are among the drynuts consumed, which are quite common in the world. Its consumption dates back to 6750 BC.It is known that the fruit of this tree has been consumed since then.

 Pistachios are called because the first pistachio enterprises in Turkey were established in Gaziantep, in previous years production was mostly done here and distributed to Turkey from here.

 Pistachio is a desert plant and is highly tolerant of saline soil. It has been reported to grow well when irrigated with water having 3,000–4,000 ppm of soluble salts. Pistachio trees are fairly hardy in the right conditions and can survive temperatures ranging between −10 °C (14 °F) in winter and 48 °C (118 °F) in summer. They need a sunny position and well-drained soil.  Long, hot summers are required for proper ripening of the fruit.

Pistachios are inflorescences like grapes. Pistachios grown in Turkey have a higher fat content than other countries. Therefore, it is more delicious in terms of taste than pistachios  in other countries. The peanut tree begins to harvest within 10-15 years after planting. Therefore, it is a type of tree that grows in the long term. Pistachio tree, about 50kg every two years,ensures that the product is received. The tree that gives the product for one year does not give the product the next year. Therefore, the harvest usually occurs every two years. 

Raw pistachios are 4% water, 45% fat, 28% carbohydrates, and 20% protein. In a 100 gram reference amount, pistachios provide 562 calories and are a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value or DV) of protein, dietary fiber, several dietary minerals, and the B vitamins, thiamin (76% DV) and vitamin B6 (131% DV) .[37] Pistachios are a moderate source (10–19% DV) of calcium, riboflavin, vitamin B5, folate, vitamin E, and vitamin K.

 

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